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Autoimmune Response Drives Vision Loss in Glaucoma
August 10, 2018
Elevated eye pressure caused T cell infiltration into the eye
New research shows that immune cells developed from early exposure to bacteria contribute to vision loss in glaucoma patients.

A research team from Harvard Ophthalmology and MIT has shown that immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive vision loss from glaucoma, the second leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. The findings, published online in Nature Communications, suggest that high pressure in the eye leads to vision loss by setting into motion an autoimmune response that attacks the neurons in the eye—similar to immune responses triggered by bacterial infections. The discovery of these immune cells also reveals a promising new target for future therapies to be developed for the blinding condition.
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